Posts tagged Resource

Using the NA28 Apparatus as a Part of Bible Study

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NA28inabiblestudy

By Olive Tree Staff: Matthew Jonas

I teach a weekly Bible study, and recently we were reading through the Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5-7).  This has always been one of my favorite passages in the Scriptures and I was especially excited to get to the section on prayer and specifically to discuss the Lord’s Prayer.  I began by reading over the text of the passage itself.  I generally prepare my notes working from the Greek and Hebrew, but I then read from a number of different English translations in the study itself.  For this particular passage, I was reading from the ESV.  As soon as I had finished reading, someone pointed out that there was a line “missing” from the ESV at the end of the Lord’s Prayer.  She was using the NKJV, which adds the line “for yours is the kingdom and the power and the glory forever.  Amen” at the end of verse 13.  This question led to a discussion about why that line is in some translations but not others.

Since I started working for Olive Tree, I’ve transitioned to using almost entirely electronic texts of the Bible.  I had my notes and my Bibles there on my tablet, so I was able to quickly look up this addition in the NA28 critical apparatus.

The first thing that I noticed was a T-shaped symbol at the end of verse 13 in the main text.  If you consult section three in the introduction (“THE CRITICAL APPARATUS”), it is explained that this symbol means that one or more words is inserted by the manuscripts listed.  If you are unfamiliar with the apparatus, I would recommend that you simply memorize the list of symbols used.  I believe that there are only eight of them, and they indicate what is going on.  For example, a T-shaped symbol is used to indicate an addition, an O-shaped symbol is used to indicate an omission, an S-shaped symbol with a dot in it is used to indicate a transposition, and so on.  It should be kept in mind as well that “additions” and “omissions” are relative to the main text of the NA28.  An addition is material that the editors of the NA28 chose not to include in the main text, but that some manuscripts contain.  An omission is material that the editors of the NA28 included, but that some manuscripts do not contain.

Clicking on the symbol in the text will open a popup.  If you wish to open this in the split window, tap on the “tear out” icon in the top corner.  The first addition listed is simply the word αμην, which is found only in a few manuscripts.  As far as the abbreviations for manuscripts go, a Fraktur letter P followed by a superscript number is used to indicate papyri, uppercase Latin and Greek letters (and the Hebrew Alef) are used to indicate the different uncial manuscripts, and numbers are used for the miniscules.  There are also additional special abbreviations for medieval cursive manuscripts, lectionaries, the different versions (e.g. the Vulgate, the Peshitta, etc.), and citations in the Church Fathers.  These abbreviations are explained in the introduction, and more complete information about each of the manuscripts is given in Appendix I in the end matter.  The star next to 288 indicates an original reading that was subsequently corrected.   “Vg” stands for Vulgate and the abbreviation “cl” indicates that this reading is found specific in the Clementine Vulgate.  The take away here is that there is not much manuscript evidence for adding just the word αμην to the end verse 13. (more…)

Free Resource Friday

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For today only you can get Vincent’s Word Studies FREE for The Bible Study App!
Vincent's word studies

Vincent’s Word Studies combine a verse-by-verse commentary and Greek lexicon in a clear, coherent format. This valuable resource brings out the richness and fullness of the precise Greek meaning, grammatical structure, history, derivation, and usage in a way that is accessible to the average English reader. For both sermons and personal study, Christians over the years have treasured Vincent’s Word Studies for its ability to communicate the riches of the New Testament.

Vincent’s Word Studies provides transliterated Greek and Hebrew words linked to the appropriate Strong’s Dictionary entry.

Look for it in-app or go HERE for download instructions.

 

Don’t miss this weeks sale on other Greek and Hebrew resources HERE!

 

Enhanced for the Resource Guide: Commentaries

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Bible Commentaries can be an extremely valuable study tool. Many commentaries include historical and culture context, theological interpretation, and other resources like timelines and charts. The resource guide of The Bible Study App makes using commentaries a seamless part of your study.

 

In the below screenshot (click to enlarge) I have my Bible opened to Daniel chapter 1. The commentary section of the resource guide then shows me which of my commentaries have related entries to this text.

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The Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary indicates seven entries so I’ll click on that commentary to see a preview of the those entries.

commentary2

Since this chapter talks about Daniel and his friends being placed in a Babylonian learning environment, I’m interested in learning more about what that may have looked like. I then click on the third entry that talks about the language and literature of the Babylonians.

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I can then read a fascinating article about historical Babylonian education that Daniel and his friends would have been exposed to. Thanks to enhanced commentaries like the Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary I can easily gain some amazing insight that helps me view the Biblical text in new ways.

Go here to see available commentaries!

The Resource Guide

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What is the Resource Guide?
As you read along in your Bible in the main window of The Bible Study App, the Resource Guide in the split window follows along, looking in your library for any information that is relevant to your reading. As you scroll or change scripture references the Resource Guide will stay in sync looking to all of your study resources making for a powerful and easy to use study tool.


 

Your Very Own Research Assistant
Think of the Resource Guide as your own personal research assistant. If you were reading about Paul’s first missionary journey in Acts 13, your research assistant has a map of Paul’s journey, cross references to passages in Paul’s letters written to the churches he founded, charts that give an overview of Paul’s life, and all sorts of other resources. You didn’t have to do anything, in fact, you didn’t even have to ask. All of the work was already done by your personal research assistant, the Resource Guide.

Resource Guide 1

Completely Customizable
The configuration of the Resource Guide is also customizable. To access the options for customizing the Resource Guide tap on the double arrow button (double gear for Android) in the upper right corner. You will then see the various options for customizing the different sections in the Resource Guide.

Resource Guide2

What types of resources work with the Resource Guide?
The Resource Guide is ‘verse driven’ which means that the Bible passage that is open in the main window directs references in the Resource Guide. Not every resource is verse driven but some examples of verse driven resources are:

  • Articles on people, places, and other topics
  • Study Bible notes
  • Commentaries
  • Outlines
  • Dictionaries
  • Introductions to books of the Bible
  • Cross references
  • Maps

For more information about the Resource Guide or other App features check out our Help Center.

 

 

Enhanced for the Resource Guide: Bible Dictionaries

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What is the resource guide?  The resource guide is your personal research assistant within The Bible Study App.  When we say a resource is “enhanced” for the resource guide, it means it’s more than just a flat ebook that you read once and put away.  An enhanced resource is a powerful feature in The Bible Study App that you can use to find what you’re looking for easily and quickly.  A Bible dictionary is one of the products that Olive Tree enhances for the resource guide.

Here’s three ways The Bible Study App enhances a Bible dictionary (screenshots are from an iPad):

ONE:

Open your favorite Bible in the main window. (I’ve got the NLT open in this example.)  Then tap the split window handle and drag it to a width or height you like.  As I scroll through the Bible text, the resource guide keeps up with me and searches through all the books in my library for content related to the Scripture passage in the Main Window.  If you scroll down the resource guide results, you will see the section headings “People,” “Places,” and “Topics.”

resourceguideresults

Tap or click on the person/place/topic you want to learn more about.  I chose “Gethsemane” in this example.  The Bible Study App then brings you results from within the resources you have on your device.  This is where you will find dictionaries that have been enhanced for the resource guide.

Gethsemaneresults

You’ll see that the resource has the words “Article to Gethsemane” underneath the book cover.  Tap/Click on the book cover and The Bible Study App will take you directly to the article within the enhanced resource.

Gethsemanearticle

Here I’ve chosen the Tyndale Bible Dictionary as an example.  Already an invaluable addition to the library of pastors, students, and any serious reader of the Bible, The Bible Study App makes it even more powerful.  You’ll find over 1,000 articles on a comprehensive range of topics, complete with hundreds of additional maps, photos, and illustrations—all based on the research of 139 prominent Biblical scholars and available at your fingertips.

map

After you’ve tapped on the Tyndale Bible Dictionary, you can scroll down and read the entire article without having to leave your Bible text.

If there are scripture references in the article, just tap the verse and it will appear in a pop-up window.

scripturepopup

You can also tap the top right hand corner of the pop-up window to bring up the option to open these hyperlinked references in the main window or the split window.

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TWO:

You can also utilize the Tyndale Bible Dictionary as a traditional dictionary in The Bible Study App.  Just Tap/Click the “Go-To” button and scroll through this awesome resource as you would a hard-copy dictionary.

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THREE:

The Bible Study App Search feature takes Bible dictionaries to another level. Tap/Click the “Search” icon (magnifying glass icon) and type the word you’re looking for to find all the references of that word in the Tyndale Bible Dictionary.

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This is how Bible dictionaries enhanced for the resource guide will enhance your Bible Study.  How do you use Bible dictionaries in your personal Bible Study?

Enhanced For The Resource Guide: Study Bibles

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One of the most powerful features of The Bible Study App is the Resource Guide found in the Split Window. The Resource Guide is home to all of your enhanced study resources such as maps, commentaries, dictionaries, outlines, etc. An enhanced resource is a powerful study tool in that it looks to the text open in the main window and finds related entries to help you in your study.

PC Resource Guide

 

In the next several blog posts we’ll highlight the various types of enhanced resources and how they can help you in your study of the Bible.

Study Bibles

A study Bible in The Bible Study App is an easy to use and very powerful tool in guiding you in your understanding of the text. Many study Bibles contain resources such as maps, timelines, profiles on Biblical characters, commentaries and articles. Because study Bible’s are uniquely enhanced for the resource guide they will work with any version of the Bible that is open in the main window.

In the screenshot above (taken from The Bible Study App on Windows Desktop) I have my main Bible text open to John chapter 1. As I scroll through the Resource Guide I can see all of my enhanced resources that have an entry pertaining to the current text that I’m reading. I notice that my NLT Study Bible has entries for related verses, commentaries, maps, outlines, and introductions. The numbers indicate how many entries are available for each enhanced resource.

 

PC Resource Guide1

 

The NLT Study Bible in the resource guide shows ten entries under the Commentary section for John 1:1-10. When I click on the NLT Study Bible it then shows me a preview of those ten entries and I can click again to read the full commentary. As I read on in the text those entries will stay in sync with my passage no matter what translation I have open in the main window.

To browse available Study Bibles for The Bible Study App go HERE.

Enhanced

 

 

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